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Differential Diagnosis: Medicine, Surgery, Obs/Gynae, Ophth, Paed, Dental

by L C Gupta, Abhitabh Gupta & Abhishek Gupta

Publisher: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.

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Section A : COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTO, : 1. Acute Abdomen 2. Chronic Abdomen 3. Amenorrhoea 4. Anaemia 5. Anorexia 6. Ascites 7.Backache 8. Bleeding Gums 9. Blood Pressure 10. Brain Death 11. Clubbing of Fingers 12. Colic 13. Coma 14. Complexion and Colour of the Face 15. Conjunctiva 16. Constipation 17. Cough 18. Cyanosis 19. Depression 20. Diarrhoea 21. Dysmenorrhoea 22. Dyspareunia 23. Dysphagia 24. Dyspnoea 25. Dysuria 26. Electrocardiogram 27. Enlargement of Heart 28. Epistaxis 29. Face Pain 30. Fever 31. Foul Smell of Breath (Halitosis) 32. Fundus Changes 33. Haematemesis 34. Haematuria 35. Haemoptysis 36. Hair 37. Headache 38. Heart Burn 39. Hemiplegia 40. Jaundice 41. Lips 42. Liver Enlargement 43. Lymph Node Enlargement 44. Male Infertility 45. Melaena 46. Menorrhagia 47. Metrorrhagia 48. Oedema 49. Pain in Ear 50. Pain, Numbness, Tingling in a Limb 51. Painful Eye 52. Painful Joints 53. Palpitation 54. Poisoning 55. Pruritus Vulvae 56. Pulse 57. Pupil 58. Pyrexia of Long Duration 59. Rigor 60. Saliva 61. Sleep 62. Sneezing 63. Snoring 64. Spinal Lesions 65. Spleen Enlargement 66. Sputum 67. Swelling in Right Hypochondrium 68. Swelling of Breast 69. Swelling Related to Bones 70. Tenesmus 71. Thyroid Swelling 72. Ongue 73. Tremors 74. Ulcer 75. Rine 76. Vaginal Discharge 77. Viral Hepatitis 78. Vomiting 79. Vulval Swelling 80. Weight Loss Section B : CAUSES Medicine AND Surgery : 1. AV Block 2. Abdominal Fluid 3. Abdominal Reflexes 4. Abdominal Rigidity 5. Abnormal Mediastinal Mass 6. Absent Knee Jerk 7. Acne-Drug Induced 8. Acute Confusional State 9. Acute Dyspnoea in Infants and Young Children 10. Acute Follicular Conjunctivitis 11. Acute Renal Failure 12. Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome 13. Agranulocytosis 14. Air under Diaphragm 15. Albuminuria 16. Alopecia 17. Anaemia 18. Ankylosis 19. Anuria 20. Aortic Regurgitation 21. Apex Beat-Variations 22. Aphakic Glaucoma 23. Aphasia 24. Aplastic Anaemia 25. Appetite-Increased 26. Appetite-Diminished 27. Argyl Robertson's Pupil 28. Arterial Occlusion 29. Arthritis-Terminal Interphalangeal Joint 30. Arthritis with Spondylitis 31. Ascites 32. Aseptic Fever 33. Ataxia 34. Atrial Fibrillation 35. Attacks of Apnea-Newborn 36. Basal Metabolic Rate 37. Basophilia 38. Bed Wetting 39. Bilateral Parotid Enlargement 40. Bleeding in Liver Disease 41. Bone-Bending 42. Bone Metastasis 43. Bone Tumors 44. Breath Sounds 45. Breathing-Noisy 46. Breathlessness-According to Rate of Onset 47. Calcification in Abdomen 48. Cardiac Arrest 49. Cardiac Dullness-Increased 50. Cardiac Enlargement 51. Cardiac Obstructive Syncope 52. Cardiomegaly-Right Ventricle 53. Cardiomyopathies 54. Carotenaemia 55. Carotid Pulse-Exaggerated 56. Causes of GIT Bleeding 57. Charcot's Joint (Neuropathic Arthritis) 58. Chest Wall Tumors 59. Chorea 60. Choreoathetosis 61. Chronic Active Hepatitis 62. Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction 63. Chronic Liver Diseases 64. Chronic Renal Failure 65. Cirrhosis of Liver 66. Claudication 67. Claw Hand 68. Conjunctival Oedema (Chemosis) 69. Constipation 70. Continuous Murmur 71. Convulsions 72. Convulsions in Children 73. Corneal Ring Lesion 74. Corneal Ring Ulcer 75. Cramp in Hand 76. Crepitus 77. Cushing's Syndrome 78. Cutaneous Manifestations of Internal Disease 79. Dead Fingers 80. Deafness 81. Decreased Blood Glucose 82. Decreased Bone Density (Osteomalacia) 83. Decreased Pulse Pressure 84. Delayed Puberty 85. Delayed Sitting and Walking 86. Delayed Union-Fracture 87. Diaphragmatic Paralysis 88. Diarrhoea Alternating with Constipation 89. Diarrhoea-Drug Induced 90. Diastolic Murmur 91. Different Colours of Urine 92. Difficulty in Sucking and Swallowing 93. Diffuse Abdominal Pain 94. Diplopia 95. Discharge from Breast 96. Distension of Abdomen 97. Drop Attacks 98. Drugs Causing Liver Damage 99. Drug Eruptions 100. Drug Induced Absorption Defect 101. Drug Induced Extrapyramidal Disease 102. Drug Induced SLE 103. Dupuytren's Contracture 104. Dwarf ism 105. Dysarthria 106. Dysphagia 107. Dysphagia-Intermittent 108. Dyspnoea in Newborn 109. Dyspnoea Posture Related 110. Dystonias 111. ECG-Low Voltage 112. ECG-ST Segment-False Positive Exercise Response 113. ECG-T Wave-Notched, Bifid 114. Egg Shell Crackling 115. Elevation of Diaphragm 116. Embolism-Cardiac Causes 117. Empyema 118. Enlarged Mediastinal Shadow 119. Enlargement of Blind Spot 120. Enuresis 121. Eosinophilia 122. Epigastric Pain 123. Epigastric Pulsation 124. Erectile Impotence 125. Erythema Multiforme 126. Erythema Nodosum 127. Erythema of Fingers 128. Excessive Thirst 129. Exophthalmos 130. Extrasystole 131. Facial Palsy 132. Factors Precipitating Encephalopathy in Cirrhotic Patients 133. Failure of Urinary Excretion 134. Falls in Elderly 135. Fasciculations 136. Fat Embolism 137. Fever with Rigor 138. Fingers-Shape 139. Fingers-Spindiriform Joints 140. First Heart Sound 141. Fixed Eruptions 142. Folate Deficiency 143. Flushed Face 144. Frequent Blinking 145. Frigidity 146. Frozen Shoulder 147. Gait Abnormalities-Unilateral 148. Galactorrhoea 149. Gastric Dilatation 150. Gastrointestinal Bleeding 151. General Backwardness 152. Generalised Pustules 153. Generalised Stiffness 154. Generalised Nephrocalcinosis 155. Generalised Vesicles and Bullae 156. Giddiness 157. Gingivitis 158. Glaucoma to be Suspected 159. Glycosuria 160. Gum Hyperplasia 161. Gynaecomastia 162. Haematemesis 163. Haemolysis in G-6-PD Deficiency 164. Haemorrhagic Pericarditis 165. Hair Loss 166. Halitosis 167. Hand-Shape 168. Head Nodding 169. Headache 170. Heart Block 171. Heart Block-Bundle Branch Block Left 172. Heart Block-Intraventricular Conduction Defect 173. Heart Sound-Fourth (S4) 174. Heart Sound-Single (S2) 175. Hemiplegia of Acute Onset 176. Hemiplegia of Gradual Onset 177. Hemiplegia-Recurrent but Transient 178. Hepatomegaly 179. Hiccough 180. Hirsutism 181. Hoarseness of Voice 182. Homogeneous Opacity of One Hemithorax 183. Homogeneous Rounded Opacity-Lung 184. Honeycomb Lung 185. Homer's Syndrome 186. Hydrocephalus 187. Hyperamylasaemia 188. Hypercalcaemia 189. Hypercalciuria 190. Hyperhidrosis 191. Hypertension 192. Hyperthyroidism 193. Hypertonia 194. Hypertranslucency of Lung 195. Hypertrichosis 196. Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy 197. Hyperventilation 198. Hypoadrenalism 199. Hypoglycaemia 200. Hypomelanosis 201. Hypopigmented Patches 202. Hypotelorism 203. Hypotension-Chronic 204. Hypotension-Intermittent 205. Hypothermia 206. Hypothyroidism 207. Hypotonia 208. Hypouricemia 209. Hypouricacidemia 210. Hypoventilation 211. Impotence-Due to Antihypertensive Drugs 212. Impotence-Due to Diabetes Mellitus 213. Increased Appetite 214. Increased Blood Glucose 215. Increased Bone Density 216. Increased SCOT 217. Increased Visibility of Cornea 218. Increased Plasma Glucagon 219. Inequality of Limb Length 220. Infantile Convulsions 221. Insulin Resistance 222. Intention Tremor 223. Intracranial Calcification 224. Intracranial Hypertension 225. Intraorbital Calcification 226. Inverted T' Wave 227. Involuntary Movements 228. Iodine in Serum 229. Iritis 230. Irregular Bleeding per Vagina 231. Irregularity of Pupil 232. Jugular Venous Distension 233. Ketonuria 234. Kidney Size 235. Kinesias 236. Knee-Instability 237. Kyphoscoliosis 238. Kyphosis 239. Lack of Outer Third of Eyebrows 240. Lactic Acidosis 241. Lagophthalmos 242. Lassitude 243. Left Upper Quadrant Leg Ulcers 244. Lengthened 'QT' Interval 245. Leukopenia 246. Leukoplakia 247. Lightening Pains 248. Liver-Damage by Drugs 249. Liver-Hepatitis, Chronic Persistent 250. Liver-Non-cirrhotic Fibrosis 251. Local Muscle Wasting 252. Localised Lymphadenopathy 253. Localised Oedema 254. Loss of Accommodation Reflex 255. Loss of Consciousness 256. Loss of Memory 257. Loss of Smell 258. Loss of Weight 259. Loose Bodies-Joints 260. Lordosis 261. Low/Flat T Wave 262. Lung Collapse 263. Lung-Localised Fibrosis 264. Lung Metastases 265. Lung Resonance 266. Lymphoedema 267. Male Infertility 268. Mandibular Joint-Clicking 269. Mastomegaly 270. Membranous Throat 271. Meningism 272. Menorrhagia 273. Menstruation-Precocious 274. Metabolic Acidosis 275. Metabolic Alkalosis 276. Microcytic Anaemia 277. Micturition 278. Miliary Mottling of Lung 279. Monocular Diplopia 280. Monocytosis 281. Monoplegia 282. Mood Disorders 283. Mouth Breathing 284. Muscle Weakness 285. Muscle Weakness, Episodic 286. Myalgias 287. Myoclonias 288. Myoclonus 289. Nails 290. Neck Stiffness 291. Neonatal Abdominal Distension 292. Nephrocalcinosis 293. Nephrolithiasis 294. Nephrotoxic Agents 295. Neuropathic Arthritis 296. Neuropathy-Demyelinating 297. Nipple Retraction 298. Nocturia 299. Non-cirrhotic Hepatic Fibrosis 300. Non-union of Fracture 301. Non-visualization of Gallbladder in Cholecystogram 302. Nutritional Anaemia 303. Oesophageal Varices 304. Oesophagitis 305. Opisthotonos 306. Oral Pigmentation 307. Orbital Pain 308. Osteomalacia 309. Osteoporosis 310. Osteosclerosis 311. Overventilation 312. Painful Hip in Children 313. Painful Ophthalmoplegia 314. Palpitation 315. Pancreatitis 316. Pancytopenia 317. Papillary Necrosis 318. Papilloedema 319. Paradoxical Pupillary Reaction 320. Paralytic Ileus 321. Paraplegia 322. Paresthesias 323. Parkinsonism 324. Parotid Swelling 325. Passing of Blood Per Rectum 326. Pathological Fracture 327. Perianal Pain 328. Periarticular Nodules 329. Pericardial Effusion 330. Pericarditis 331. Peripheral Neuropathy 332. Peritonitis 333. Perverted Appetite 334. Photophobia 335. Phrenic Paralysis 336. Pigmentation of Eyelid 337. Pigmentation of Skin 338. Pigmented Retina 339. Pigmented Skin Lesion 340. Plantar Response 341. Pneumothorax 342. Poliosis 343. Polyarthritis due to Inflammation 344. Polyarteritis Nodosa 345. Polycythaemia 346. Polyneuritis of Hand 347. Polyuria 348. Poor Convergence 349. Portal Hypertension 350. Postprandial Hypoglycaemia 351. Positive Kahn's Test 352. Positive 'LE' Cells in Blood 353. Positive Rheumatoid Factor 354. Potassium Depletion 355. Precordial Thrills 356. Pregnancy Collapse IN 357. Pregancy Test-Positive 358. Priapism 359. Prolonged Bleeding Times 360. Prolonged QRS Interval 361. Prostate-Nodular 362. Proteinuria 363. Proximal Muscle Weakness of Leg 364. Proximal Myopathies 365. Pruritus 366. Pruritus Ani 367. Pruritus Vulvae 368. Pulmonary Eosinophilia 369. Pulmonary Eosinophilia (Eosinophilic Pneumonitis) 370. Pulmonary Oligemia 371. Pulse Pressure Increased 372. Pulse Unequal 373. Punched-out Areas in Bones of Extremities 374. Purpura 375. Pyogenic Liver Abscess 376. Pyuria-Sterile and Persistent 377. Raised Alkaline Phosphatase 378. Raised ESR 379. Raised Platelet Count 380. Raised Serum Cholesterol 381. Raised Uric Acid 382. Raynaud's Phenomenon 383. Recurrent Abdominal Pain 384. Red Scaly Patches 385. Reflexes 386. Reflexes-Diminished 387. Renal Hypertension 388. Renal Stones and Nephrocalcinosis 389. Respiratory Acidosis 390. Respiratory Alkalosis 391. Respiratory Acidulous Conditions 392. Respiratory Arrest 393. Respiratory Rate 394. Sacroiliitis 395. Salivation and Drooling 396. Sclerosis 397. Scoliosis 398. Second Heart Sound 399. Secondary Diabetes 400. Segmental Myoclonus 401. Seizures 402. Sexual Precocity 403. Shock 404. Short Stature (Proportionate) 405. Short Stature having Short Limbs 406. Shoulder Pain 407. Sideroblastic Anaemia 408. Single Red Hot Joint 409. Single Nodule in Lungs 410. Sinus Bradycardia 411. Size and Shape of Kidney 412. Solitary Pulmonary Nodule 413. Spinal Cord Compression 414. Spontaneous Hyphema 415. Stiff Neck 416. Stridor 417. Sudden Death 418. Supraventricular Tachycardia 419. Sweating 420. Swelling 421. Swelling in Ileocaecal Region 422. Swelling in Umbilical Region 423. Swelling of Face 424. Syncope 425. Syrinx 426. Systolic Murmur 427. Tachycardia 428. Taste 429. Telangiectasia 430. Temperature of Hand 431. Tenderness of Chest 432. Tenderness of Spine 433. Tendon Reflexes 434. Tension of CSF Fluid 435. Thickened Nerves 436. Third Heart Sound 437. Thrombocytopenia 438. Tics 439. Tinnitus 440. Toe Walking 441. Transient Flitting Arthritis 442. Transient Loss of Vision 443. Tricuspid Regurgitation 444. Trismus 445. Tunnel Vision (Peripheral Visual Constriction) 446. Unilateral Glaucoma 447. Urinary Calculi 448. Urinary Retention 449. Vagina-Candidiasis 450. Vagina-Vaginismus 451. Valvular Aortic Stenosis 452. Vasculitis-Nodular 453. Varicose Veins-Lower Limbs 454. Vertebral Column-Rigidity 455. Vertigo 456. Virilism 457. Vital Capacity Reduced 458. Vitamin B12 Deficiency 459. Vomiting 460. Vomiting in Infancy 461. Wasting of Intrinsic Hand Muscles 462. Wasting of Muscles 463. Weight Gain 464. Wheezing 465. Xerosis 466. Yawning 467. Yellow Pigmentation I. Paediatrics : 1. Abdominal Pain 2. Acute Ataxia 3. Acute Convulsions 4. Acute Renal Failure 5. Acute Visual Disturbance 6. Agitation and Withdrawal 7. Anaemia in Newborn 8. Aphasia 9. Bilateral Nephromegaly in Newborn, 10. Breath Holding Spasm 11. Cardiac Arrhythmias-AV Block 12. Cardiac Arrhythmias 13. Catarrhal 14. Cerebral Palsy 15. Chest Pain 16. Chronic Cough 17. Coma 18. Congestive Heart Failure 19. Constipation 20. Convulsions-Chronic 21. Cough 22. Crying in Early Infancy 23. Cyanosis 24. Delayed Bilestones 25. Delirium 26. Developmental Ataxia 27. Diarrhoea-Acute 28. Dwarfism-Congenital 29. Dysphagia 30. Earache 31. Faecal Soiling 32. Fever-Common Causes 33. Hematemesis 34. Head-Frontal Bossing 35. Haeadache 36. Haemoptysis 37. Hematuria 38. Hoarseness of Voice in Infancy 39. Intestinal Obstruction-Neonatal 40. Intracranial Raised Pressure 41. Irritability 42. Jaundice-Conjugated 43. Jaundice in Newborn 44. Joint Pain 45. Joints Swollen 46. Limping 47. Liver-Cirrhosis 48. Lower Limb-Pain 49. Lymphadenopathy 50. Malabsorption Syndrome 51. Mental Retardation with Enlarged Head, 52. Myodonic Spasms in Infants 53. Napkin Rash 54. Neck Mass 55. Neonatal Convulsions 56. Neonatal Hypocalcemia 57. Nephrotic Syndrome 58. Neurologic Causes of Disorders of Micturition and Defecation 59. Nonepileptical Paroxysmal Disorders 60. Obesity 61. Obstructive Uropathy 62. Oedema 63. Pancreatitis 64. Peritonitis 65. Pica 66. Pleural Effusion 67. Poor School Performance 68. Preauricular Lymphadenopathy 69. Pulmonary Oedema 70. Recurrent Pneumonia 71. Sexual Precocity 72. Shock 73. Sinus Bradycardia 74. Sinus Tachycardia 75. Stiff Acute Neck 76. Temper Tantrums 77. Thumb Sucking II. Obstetrics and Gynaecology : 1. Abnormal Bleeding 2. Abortion 3. Bleeding per Vaginum 4. Breast Tumors 5. Carcinoma Breast-Risk Factors 6. Chronic Endometritis 7. Collapse during Pregnancy 8. Convulsions during Pregnancy 9. Delayed Labour 10. Discharge from Nipples 11. Dyspareunia 12. Eclampsia 13. Ectopic Pregnancy 14. Enlargement of Cervix 15. Fetus Stillbirth 16. Frigidity 17. Hypoplasia Breast 18. Infarction of Breast 19. Insufficiency of Placenta 20. Intrauterine Death of Fetus 21. Leucorrhoea 22. Mastitis 23. Maternal Death during Delivery 24. Offensive Vaginal Discharge 25. Oligohydraminos 26. Oligomenorrhoea 27. Positive Test of Pregnancy 28. Pregnancy-High Risk 29. Pregnancy-Hypertension 30. Pregnancy-Jaundice 31. Premature Labour 32. Premature Rupture of Membranes 33. Primary Amenorrhoea 34. Prolapse of Umbilical Cord 35. Pruritus Vulvae 36. Recurrent Abortion 37. Retarded Fetal Growth 38. Salpingo-oophoritis 39. Uterine prolapse 40. Uterus-Fixed 41. Uterus-Ruptured 42. Vaginal Discharge 43. Vaginismus 44. Vaginitis 45. Vulvitis III. Eye : 1. Anterior Uveitis 2. Ageing Changes of Cornea 3. Apparent Divergent Strabismus 4. Atrophic Bulbi 5. Band-shaped Keratopathy 6. Bitot's Spot 7. Blink Reflexes 8. Bloody Tears 9. Blue Sclera 10. Cataract 11. Cataract due to Metabolic Disorder 12. Central Scotoma 13. Cicatricial Conjunctivitis 14. Coarse Eyebrows 15. Coloboma of Iris 16. Colour Blindness 17. Congenital Cataract 18. Conjunctival Bleeding 19. Conjunctival Congestion/Ciliary Congestion 20. Cornea 21. Corneal Opacity in Infants 22. Cotton Wool Spots on Retina 23. Defective Colour Vision 24. Dilated Episcleral Vessels 25. Dilated and Tortuous Retinal Vessels 26. Diminished Corneal Sensation 27. Elevated Intraocular Pressure with Normal Optic Disc 28. Enophthalmos 29. Excessive Tears 30. Eye Pain 31. Fat Herniation into Lids 32. Fixed Dilated Pupil 33. Frequent Change in Refraction 34. General Narrowing of Retinal Arterioles 35. Glaucoma 36. Granulomatous and Non-granulomatous Uveitis 37. Granulomatous Uveitis 38. Hyperaemia of Iris 39. Hyperaemia of Lid Margin 40. Infrequent Blinking 41. Iris Atrophy 42. Iritis/Glaucoma/Conjunctivitis 43. Irregular Anterior Chamber 44. Keratitis 45. Lids 46. Lipids Deposit at Macula 47. Liquefaction of Vitreous 48. Loss of Vision 49. Macular Hemorrhage 50. Megalocornea and Buphthalmos 51. Microaneurysm of Retina 52. Miosis 53. Mydriasis 54. Neovascular Glaucoma 55. Night Blindness 56. No Reflex from Pupil 57. Nodule at Limbus 58. Nystagmus 59. Oculomotor Nerve Palsy 60. Oedema of Orbit 61. Ophthalmoplegia 62. Optic Atrophy 63. Optic Neuritis 64. Painful Ocular Movements 65. Painful Ophthalmoplegia 66. Papillitis 67. Paralysis of Accommodation 68. Paralysis of Orbicularis 69. Peripheral Lesions of Fundus 70. Photophobia 71. Pigmentary Glaucoma 72. Figmented Retina 73. Pinpoint Pupil 74. Posterior Subcapsular Opacities in Lens 75. Proptosis 76. Pseudo-lip Retraction 77. Pseudo-proptosis 78. Pseudopapilloedema 79. Phthisis Bulbi 80. Ptosis 81. Ptosis of Upper Eyelid 82. Puffiness of Eyelids 83. Pupil Block 84. Red Eye 85. Retinal Haemorrhage 86. Retinal Vascular Tortuosity 87. Retinal Hemorrhage 88. Ring Lesions of Cornea 89. Scleral Rigidity 90. Scleral Staphyloma 91. Scleral Thinning 92. Scleritis 93. Soft Eyeball 94. Solid Oedema of Lid 95. Subconjunctival Haemorrhage 96. Systemic Diseases Causing Scleritis 97. Thickened Eyelids 98. Third, Fourth and Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsies 99. Tortuosity of Conjunctival Vessels 100. Toxic Amblyopia 101. Unilateral Blindness 102. Unilateral Cataracts 103. Unilateral Glaucoma 104. Uveitis 105. Vasoproliferative Retinopathy 106. Vitreous Hemorrhage 107. White Reflex from Pupil IV. Dental : 1. Brown Lesions of Lips 2. Burning Sensation of Tongue 3. Cauliflower Like Growth of Oral Cavity 4. Delayed Tooth Eruption 5. Diffuse Facial Swelling 6. Disorder of Taste 7. Easily Bleeding Soft Tissue of Oral Cavity 8. Elevated Lesions of Lip 9. Facial Nerve Palsy 10. Facial Nerve Paralysis 11. Flushing of Face 12. Generalised Red Conditions and Multiple Ulceration 13. Intraoral Brownish, Bluish or Black Conditions 14. Intraoral Soft Tissue Swelling 15. Loose Teeth 16. Mandibular Joint Clicking 17. Oral Fetor 18. Oral Ulcer 19. Parotid Gland Enlargement 20. Primary Oral Condidiasis 21. Non-scrapable White Lesions on Oral Mucosa 22. Painful Salivary Gland 23. Sialorrhea 24. Solitary Red Lesion 25. White Lesion of Lips Section C : DIFFERENTIATING TABLES : 1. Acute Abdomen/Myocardial Infarction 2. Acute Gout and Acute Rheumatism 3. Adams-Stokes Syndrome/Epilepsy 4. Abdominal Pain due to Infectious Disorders 5. Alopecia 6. Amoebic and Bacillary Dysentery 7. Anaemia-Vitamin B12 Deficiency (due to Pernicious Anaemia) and Folate Deficiency 8. Angina Pectoris 9. Angina on Effort and Coronary Thrombosis 10. Ankylosing Spondylitis/Osteoarthritis/Gout 11. Ankylosing Spondylitis vs Backache 12. Aortic Dissection/Myocardial Infarction 13. Arsenic Poisoning and Cholera 14. Arterial and Venous Pulsation 15. Arteriosclerosis Obliterans (ASO) and Burger's Disease 16. Arthritis 17. Atrial Fibrillation/Multiple Ectopics 18. Arthritis 19. Ascites/Ovarian Cyst 20. Bacterial Pneumonia/Viral Pneumonia 21. Biliary and Portal Cirrhosis 22. Bladder Bradycardia 23. Bronchial Asthma and Tropical Eosinophilia 24. Cardiac and Bronchial Asthma 25. Central and Peripheral Cyanosis 26. Cerebro-vascular Accident, Diabetic Coma and Uraemia 27. Cholera and Food Poisoning 28. Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema 29. Chest Diseases 30. Chest Pain : Associated Signs 31. Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, Bronchial Asthma 33. Chronic Gastric Ulcer and Chronic Duodenal Ulcer 34. Chronic Gastric Ulcer, Malignant Disease and Chronic Gastritis 35. Colic 36. Chronic Mitral Regurgitation/Acute MR 37. Chronic Nephritis and Essential Hypertension 38. Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia/Chronic Lymphoid Leukaemia 39. Conjugated and Unconjugated Bilirubin 40. Colitis 41. Colubrine Poisoning and Viperine Poisoning 42. Conjunctival Congestion/Ciliary Congestion 43. Conjunctivitis, Iritis and Acute Glaucoma 44. Diabetes 45. Diastolic Murmurs-Apex 46. Diastolic Murmurs-Second Interspace Right and Left (Base) 47. Differentiating Clinical Features in Patients with Diarrhea 48. Different Types of Jaundice 49. Differentiation between Natural and Criminal Abortion 50. Differential Diagnosis of Big Skull 51. Drug Addiction and Drug Habituation 52. Drunkenness and Concussion 53. Ear Discharge 54. Endogenous Depression/Neurotic Depression 55. Effort Angina/Acute Infarction 56. Extrinsic Asthma/Intrinsic Asthma 57. Episodic Thoracic Pain 58. Endocardial and Pericardial Murmurs 59. Pallet's Tetralogy and Pallet's Triad 60. Functional Mitral Incompetence 61. Gall Bladder Swelling/Kidney Swelling 62. Gaucher's Disease/Niemann-Pick Disease/Hand-Schiiller-Christian Disease 63. Genital Ulcers 64. Haemoptysis and Haematemesis 65. Hepatitis A/Hepatitis B 66. Headaches 67. Hcai stroke/Heat Exhaustion/Heat Cramps 68. Hematuria 69. Hysterical and Organic Convulsions 70. Hepatitis E/Hepatitis Virus 71. Hysterical fit and Epileptic Fit 72. Hyperglycaemic and Hypoglycaemic Coma 73. Hospital-acquired Infections 74. Hypovolemic Shock and Septic Shock 75. Immunity 76. Infective Hepatitis and Serum Hepatitis 77. Innervation of Reflexes 78. Irregular Tachycardia 79. Lesions of Conus Medullaris/Cauda Equina Lesions 80. Lobar Pneumonia and Broncho-pneumonia 81. Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction 82. Lungs of Infant Before Respiration and after Onset of Respiration 83. Middle Aortic Syndrome/Congenital Syndrome 84. Loose Motions 85. Marasmus and Kwashiorkor 86. Migraine 87. Mitral Regurgitation/Tricuspid Regurgitation 88. Mitral Incompetence/Aortic Stenosis 89. Mitral Regurgitation, VSD and Tricuspid Regurgitation 90. Migraine, Tension Headache, Psychotic Headache, Pressure Headache, and Temporal Arteritis 91. Muscular Dystrophies 92. Nail Discolouration 93. Nasal Discharge 94. Papillitis and Papilloedema 95. Non-cirrhotic Portal Fibrosis/Cirrhosis 96. Oedema of the Skin 97. Oedema or Skin or Tissue in Children 98. Organic Psychosis/Functional Psychosis 99. Osteoarthritis/Frozen Shoulder 100. Pain in the Umbilical Region 101. Peripheral Oedema 102. Petit Mal, Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and Grand Mal Epilepsy 103. Peripheral Vascular Disease 104. Pleural Effusion 105. Pericardial Effusion/Pleural Effusion 106. Poisoning 107. Primary Haemostasis/Secondary Haemostasis 108. Primary Pulmonary Hypertension and Multiple Pulmonary Emboli 109. Prostatic diseases/PR Examination 110. Psychoneuroses and Psychoses 111. Psychosis and Neurosis 112. Pyogenic Lung Abscess/Tubercular Abscess 113. Regular Tachycardia 114. Rheumatoid Arthritis/Rheumatic 115. Rheumatic and Syphilitic Incompetence 116. Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis 117. Severe Abdominal Pain : Associated Symptoms and Signs 118. Sinus Bradycardia 119. Smallpox and Chickenpox 120. Spleen Swelling/Kidney Swelling 121. Sinus Tachycardia/Ventricular Tachycardia 122. Stages of Dehydration 123. Strychnine Poisoning and Tetanus 124. Suicidal and Homicidal Hanging 125. Spleen Enlargement 126. True Insanity and Feigned Insanity 127. Suicidal and Homicidal Wounds 128. Systolic Murmurs-Apex and Left Lower Sternal Border (LLSB) 129. Systolic Murmurs-Right Second Interspace 130. Tachycardias 131. Thyrotoxicosis 132. Tonsillitis, Scarlet Fever and Diphtheria 133. Trigeminal Neuralgia, Atypical Facial Pain, Migraine, and Postherpetic Neuralgia 134. Upper Motor Lesion and Lower Motor Lesion 135. True Bruise and Artificial Bruise 136. Vascular Embolism, Thrombosis and Haemorrhage 137. Vasovagal Fit, Hyperventilation Drop Attack, Stokes-Adams and Hypoglycaemia 138. Viral Pericarditis/Myocardial Infarction 139. Ventricular Ectopic/Atrial Fibrillation 140. Ventricular Septal Defect and Pulmonary Stenosis 141. Viral Encephalitis and Tuberculous Meningitis Section D : ESSENTIALS OF DIAGNOSIS : 1. Acne Vulgaris 2. Acromegaly 3. Acute Appendicitis 4. Acute Cholecystitis 5. Acute Gastritis 6. Acute Glaucoma 7. Acute Miliary Tuberculosis 8. Acute Otitis Media 9. Acute Poliomyelitis 10. Acute Pyelonephritis 11. Acute Renal Failure 12. Addison's Disease 13. Alcoholic Liver 14. Amyloidosis 15. Anaemia 16. Angina Pectoris 17. Aortic Incompetence 18. Aortic Stenosis 19. Asthma 20. Atelectasis 21. Atrial Septal Defect 22. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 23. Bacillary Dysentery 24. Brief Reactive Psychosis 25. Bronchiectasis 26. Bronchogenic Carcinoma 27. Bronchopneumonia 28. Cancer Cervix 29. Cervicitis 30. Chickenpox 31. Chronic Alcoholism 32. Chronic Pyelonephritis 33. Conduct Disorder 34. Congenital Syphilis 35. Conjunctivitis 36. Corneal Ulcer 37. Cushing's Syndrome 38. Delirium 39. Dementia 40. Depression 41. Diabetes Insipidus 42. Diabetes Mellitus 43. Dysmenorrhoea 44. Duodenal Ulcer 45. Eczema 46. Facial Palsy 47. Pallet's Tetralogy 48. Fibroid Uterus 49. Functional Enuresis 50. Gigantism 51. Gonorrhoea 52. Gout 53. Grand Mal Epilepsy 54. Herpes Zoster 55. Hodgkin's Disease 56. Hypertension 57. Hyperthyroidism 58. Hypothyroidism 59. Indian Childhood Cirrhosis 60. Infantile Diarrhoea 61. Infective Endocarditis 62. Infective Hepatitis 63. Intestinal Amoebiasis 64. Intestinal Tuberculosis 65. Iritis 66. Kwashiorkor 67. Major Depressive Episode 68. Manic Episode 69. Marasmus 70. Measles 71. Melancholic 72. Menopause 73. Mitral Incompetence 74. Mumps 75. Myocardial Infarction 76. Nephrotic Syndrome 77. Opioid Withdrawal 78. Oppositional Defiant Disorder 79. Osteoarthritis 80. Paranoid Disorder 81. Panic Disorder 82. Parkinsonism 83. Patent Ductus Arteriosus 84. Pericardial Effusion 85. Peripheral Neuritis 86. Petit Mal Epilepsy 87. Pleural Effusion 88. Pneumonia 89. Pneumothorax 90. Portal Cirrhosis 91. Pregnancy 92. Psoriasis 93. Psychosis 94. Pyloric Obstruction 95. Rheumatic Fever 96. Rheumatoid Arthritis 97. Rickets 98. Ringworm 99. Scabies 100. Schizophrenia 101. Scurvy 102. Subarachnoid Haemorrhage 103. Tetany 104. Trigeminal Neuralgia 105. Tubal Pregnancy 106. Tuberculosis 107. Tuberculous Meningitis 108. Typhoid Fever 109. Ulcerative Colitis 110. Ventricular Septal Defect 111. Whooping Cough Section E : STAGING OF DISEASES : 1. Grading and Staging 2. Grading of Symptoms : i. Dyspnoea ii. Exertional Dyspnoea 3. Grading of Signs : i. Clubbing ii. Heart Sound iii. Hill's Sign iv. Joint Tenderness v. Level of Consciousness vi. Murmur vii. Muscle Power viii. Nystagmus ix. Parasiernal Heave x. Plantar Response xi. Splenomegaly xii. 'Tendon Reflexes 4. Grading of Diseases : i. Acne Vulgaris ii. Acute Mountain Sickness iii. Acute Pancreatitis iv. Alcohol Intoxication v. Anaemia vi. Aplastic Anaemia vii. Angina Pectoris viii. Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome ix. Asphyxia x. Barbiturate Poisoning xi. Breast Cancer xii. Bronchial Asthma xiii. Bronchogenic Carcinoma xiv. Carcinoma Cervix xv. Chronic Bronchitis xvi. Chronic Cor Pulmonale xvii. Circulatory Decompensation in Cirrhotic Ascites xviii. Factor 8-Coagulant Acitivity xix. Dengue Fever xx. Diabetes xxi. Endometrial Carcinoma xxii. Ethylene Glycol Poisoning xxiii. Grading of Glutethimide Intoxication xxiv. Grading of Open Fracture xxv. Haemolysis According to Life-span of RBCs xxvi. Heart Failure xxvii. Hepatic Encephalopathy xxviii. Hodgkin's Lymphoma 5. Modified Ann Arbor Staging (As 1971 staging with the addition of Stage 3-1 and 3-2) : i. Hyperbilirubinaemia (Unconjugated) ii. Hypoglycemia iii. Hypertension iv. Intelligence and Mental Retardation v. Intracranial Tension (Raised) vi. Jaundice vii. Lathyrism viii. Chronic Lymphatic Leukaemia ix. Malnutrition x. Multiple Myeloma xi. Myasthenia Gravis xii. Myocardial Infraction 6. Recovery after Nerve Injury L i. Motor Recovery ii. Sensory Recovery (Precedes Motor Recovery) 7. Nutrition Deficiency Syndrome 8. Parkinsonism 9. Patent Ductus Arteriosus 10. Plexogenic Pulmonary Arteriopathy 11. Proteinuria 12. Pulmonary Hypertension 13. Pulmonary Stenosis : i. Pulmonary Tuberculosis ii. Radiological Classification of Pulmonary Tuberculosis 14. Rabies 15. Rheumatic Carditis 16. Rheumatoid Arthritis 17. Sarcoidosis : i. Radiologic Staging 18. Sickle Retinopathy (Proliferative) 19. Shock 20. SLE 21. Subarachnoid Haemorrhage 22. Syphilis 23. Tubercular Meningitis 24. Tetanus 25. Tuberculin Test 26. Ventricular Premature Beats 27. Thyrotoxicosis (Wayne's Clinical Diagnostic Index) 28. Ulcerative Colitis 29. Ventricular Septal Defect 30. Yaws 31. Yellow Fever 32. Severity of Psychological Stressors Scale-Adults 33. Severity of Psychosocial Stressors Scale-Children and Adolescents Section F : SYNONYMS Section G : SYNDROMES : 1. Achard Syndrome 2. Aortic Arch Syndrome 3. Arnold Chiari Syndrome 4. Black Pleural Signs 5. Blind Loop Syndrome 6. Bantis Syndrome 7. Behcet's Syndrome 8. Bernheim's Syndrome 9. Boumeville Pringle Syndrome 10. Burler-Albright Syndrome 11. Caison Syndrome 12. Caplan Syndrome 13. Carpenter Syndrome 14. Cervical Rib Syndrome 15. Cockyne Syndrome 16. Coffin Lowry Syndrome 17. Conn's Syndrome 18. Cushing's Syndrome 19. Down's Syndrome 20. Dumping Syndrome 21. Ebstein's Syndrome 22. Eisenmenger Syndrome 23. Empty-Sella Syndrome 24. External Carotid Steal Syndrome 25. Fanconi's Syndrome 26. Gardner's Syndrome 27. Gaucher's Syndrome 28. Hand and Foot Syndrome 29. Hand-Schuller-Christian Syndrome 30. Herrmann Syndrome 31. Homer's Syndrome 32. Hunter Syndrome 33. Hurler Syndrome 34. Hutchinson-Golford Syndrome 35. Irritable Colon Syndrome 36. Irritable Hip Syndrome 37. Jaccoud Syndrome 38. Kimmelsteil-Wilson Syndrome 39. Klippel-Feil Syndrome 40. Larsen Syndrome 41. Laurence Moon-Biedl Syndrome 42. Letterer-Siwe Syndrome 43. Loffler's Syndrome 44. Macleod Syndrome 45. Marfan's Syndrome 46. Mikulicz's Syndrome 47. Morgagni Syndrome 48. Morquios Syndrome 49. Nail-Patella Syndrome 50. Niemann-Pick Syndrome 51. Paget's Syndrome 52. Pancoast Syndrome 53. PinkFallot's Syndrome 54. Simmond's Syndrome 55. Simmond's Syndrome 56. Sturge-Weber Syndrome 57. Subclavian Steal Syndrome 58. Trisomy-8 Syndrome 59. Turcot Syndrome 60. Turner's Syndrome 61. Ullrich-Turner Syndrome 62. 'W’ Syndrome 63. Wegener's Syndrome 64. XXY Syndrome 65. Yellow Nail Syndrome Section H : INVESTIGATIONS : 1. Blood Values : i. Serum Phosphorus ii. Serum Triglyceride iii. Serum Bilirubin iv. Serum Calcium v. Serum Chloride vi. Serum Cholesterol vii. Serum Albumin viii. Serum Globulin ix. Nitrogen Compound x. Blood Urea xi. Blood Uric Acid xii. Serum Alkaline Phosphatase xiii. Serum Amylase xiv. Serum Iron xv. Serum Fibrinogen xvi. Oestrogens xvii. Fasting Blood Sugar xviii. SGPT xix. SCOT xx. Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase (LDH) xxi. HDL Cholesterol xxii. Thyroxine Total T4 xxiii. Triiodothyronine (T3) xxiv. Carotene (Vit. A Retinol) xxv. Lipase xxvi. Leukocytosis xxvii. Eosinophilia xxviii. Lymphocytes xxix. Bleeding Time xxx. Prothrombin Time xxxi. Platelet Count xxxii. MCV xxxiii. MCHC 2. Urine Analysis 3. Stool 4. Drugs 5. Common X-ray Findings of Chest Diseases : i. Chronic Bronchitis ii. Bronchiectasis iii. Primary Childhood Type of Tuberculosis iv. Chronic Pulmonary Tuberculosis v. Miliary Tuberculosis vi. Emphysema vii. Primary Pneumonia viii. Lung Abscess ix. Pleural Effusion x. Pneumothorax xi. Pulmonary Oedema xii. Hodgkin's Disease xiii. Metastasis xiv. Causes of Unilateral Hilar Enlargement xv. Bilateral Hilar Enlargement xvi. Shifting of Mediastinum Towards Opposite Side, xvii. Shifting of Mediastinum Towards Same Side xviii. Unilateral Elevation of Diaphragm xix. Accentuated Interstitial Markings in Lungs xx. Honeycomb Lung xxi. Pulmonary Oedema-Bilateral xxii. Unilateral Pulmonary Oedema xxiii. 0.5 to 2 mm Multiple Opacities xxiv. Solitary Pulmonary Nodule xxv. Homogeneous Opacity of One Lung 6. Chest : i. Solitary Pleural Mass ii. Pleural Based Parenchymal Nodules iii. Multiple Pleural Densities Each Greater 2 mm iv. Pleural Effusion v. Pleural Effusion Large Cardiac Silhouette vi. Pleural Effuson with Subsegmental Atelectasis vii. Pleural Effusion with Hilar Enlargement viii. Pleural Effusion with Lobar Densities ix. Pleural Thickening x. Pleural Calcification xi. Elevated Diaphragm xii. Shift of Mediastinum xiii. Anterior Mediastinal Mass xiv. Right Cardiophrenic Angle Mass xv. Middle Mediastinal Mass xvi. Hilar Masses xvii. Unilateral Hilar Adenopathy xviii. Bilateral Hilar Adenopathy xix. Posterior Mediastinal Mass 7. Atelectasis : i. Large Airway Obstruction ii. Small Airway Obstruction iii. Compressive Atelectasis iv. Passive Atelectasis v. Adhesive Atelectasis vi. Cicatrization Atelectasis vii. Segmental and Lobal Densities viii. Lobar Expansion ix. Diffuse Coalescing Densities x. Non-Cardiac Pulmonary Oedema xi. Diffuse Fine Reticular Densities xii. Fine Reticualr Pattern and Pleural Effusion xiii. Fine Reticular Pattern and Hilar Adenopathy xiv. Coarse Reticular Densities xv. Diffuse Fine Nodular Disease xvi. Diffuse Fine Nodular Pattern in Afebrile Patient xvii. Diffuse Fine Nodular Pattern in Case of Fever xviii. Multifocal Ill-defined Densities xix. Multiple Nodular Masses with Sharp Borders xx. Solitary Nodules xxi. Hypertranslucent Lungs xxii. Solitary Lucent Defect xxiii. Multiple Lucent Lesions xxiv. Cavitating Nodule xxv. Ill-defined Densities with Holes 8. X-ray Features of Arthritis : i. Osteoarthritis ii. Pyogenic Arthritis iii. Tuberculous Arthritis iv. Rheumatoid Arthritis v. Rheumatoid Arthritis in Children (Still's Disease) vi. Gout vii. Psoriatic Arthritis 9. Intravenous Pyelography 10. Causes of Urinary Tract 11. Kidney 12. Barium Meal Studies 13. Gastrointestinal Tract 14. Practical Applications of Ecg : i. Chamber Enlargement ii. Myocardial Ischaemia (Angina Pectoris) iii. Myocardial Infarction iv. Arrhythmias v. Heart Block vi. Bundle Branch Block vii. Drugs viii. Electrolytes ix. Miscellaneous Conditions 15. Treadmill Test in Coronary Artery Disease : i. Depression of the ST Sagment : Subendocardial Injury ii. Postmyocardial Infarction Treadmill Exercise Test Preface The overwhelming response to the sixth edition of Differential Diagnosis from the students and general practitioners has encouraged us to develop the seventh edition. While retaining the text of all the topics discussed in the previous editions, we have made necessary corresponding revisions considered necessary in the context of fast changing scene in medical literature. Tables on differential diagnosis, i.e. differentiating tables, have been enlarged and updated. Special section on diagnosis based on the laboratory findings has been updated to help the practitioners and the students alike. A very significant additional feature in this edition is incorporation of sub section on causes of common dental diseases. We sincerely wish this fully revised and updated edition to be of much practical value to the readers, who will find it a valuable book of resource and a continuous companion for reference. In the last we have added the seventh section of "Syndromes'. We are thankful to all such conscientious readers who have sent us their suggestions and comments for improving the text and presentation.

Details of the book

Book :
Differential Diagnosis: Medicine, Surgery, Obs/Gynae, Ophth, Paed, Dental
Book ID :
19474
Author :
L C Gupta, Abhitabh Gupta & Abhishek Gupta
ISBN 13 :
9788180614149
Year of Publication :
2005
Edition :
Seventh
Publisher :
Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
Binding :
Hardcover
Pages :
990
Size :
12 x 15 cm
Weight :
1 kg

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